What is Mesothelioma? Types, Symptoms, Cases, Causes, and Treatments

Mesothelioma Cancer

What is Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is a cancer that is caused by the inhalation of asbestos basically.

The inhaled asbestos go into the body, and are stocked in the heart, abdomen and the lungs.

People who are diagnosed of Mesothelioma cancer are mostly workers who deal with products that have asbestos in them.

In the United States alone, over 3,000 cases of Mesothelioma are being recorded annually according to the American Cancer Society.

Symptoms of Mesothelioma cancer include chest pain or abdomen, and coughing.

The cancer is normally treated by means of chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery.

In some cases, all three mentioned means of treatment are combined.

What are the Causes of Mesothelioma Cancer?

Mesothelioma Cancer

The primary cause of the cancer has been discovered to be the exposure to asbestos.

When asbestos is inhaled, it results in DNA change and other medical abnormalities which leads to the development of the cancer.

When our DNA is tempered with by chemicals entering into our bodies, it leads to uncontrollable cell growth and therefore, cancer.

How Malignant Mesothelioma Develops in the Body

1. The whole cancer development starts from inhalation of asbestos fibres, or swallowing of asbestos fibres.

2. The fibres lodges in the lungs, heart, or abdomen lining.

3. The fibres in the lining of either the heart, lungs, or abdomen causes inflammation through the destruction of the body’s mesothelial cells.

4. Tumours (benign or malignant) are formed on the mesothelium. The benign tumours are noncancerous, but when the tumours are cancerous, they’re called malignant.

Symptoms of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma Cancer

There are several symptoms of the malignant Mesothelioma cancer, and they include:

1. Fever

2. Fatigue

3. Dry Coughing

4. Muscle Weakness

5. Chest/Abdominal Pain

6. Fluid Around the Lungs

7. Hard Breathes

However, Mesothelioma symptoms become evident after the tumour has grown and spread.

The cancer has a latency of 20 – 50 years, and most people diagnosed of it are aged from 60 years above.

Although there are cases where Mesothelioma patients happen to be in their early and late 50s.

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Types of Mesothelioma

There are four types of Mesothelioma cancers and have been named according to the location in the body where they develop. They are:

1. Testicular Mesothelioma

The Testicular Mesothelioma happens to be the rarest type, and it develops on the testes lining.

This type of Mesothelioma is best treated with surgery.

2. Pleural Mesothelioma

This is the most common type of Mesothelioma, and it develops on the lungs’ soft covering tissue.

It is best treated by a combination of two or more treatment measures, known as multimodal treatment.

3. Peritoneal Mesothelioma

Peritoneal Mesothelioma represents 20% of all Mesothelioma cases, and responds best to multimodal treatment. It develops on the lining of the abdomen.

4. Pericardial Mesothelioma

As the name implies, pericardial Mesothelioma develops around the tissue around the heart.

It is the second most rare case of Mesothelioma, and is best treated by a combination of two or more treatment measures, multimodal treatment.

Basic Treatments for Mesothelioma

Treatments are available for Mesothelioma patients. These treatments vary from one another, and they’re prescribed considering the level or stage of the cancer.

Also depending on the type of the cancer, the treatment may take a different route.

These treatments help the patients to live healthier, and maybe, longer, but not for every patient. The basic treatment options are:

1. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a treatment measure that tend to shrink and kill cancer cells. Over 70% of cancer patients, including Mesothelioma cancer patients undergo chemotherapy.


It involves more than a phase of treatment. At first, surgery is done to eradicate tumours, and then heated chemotherapy comes in, and is done to damage the cancer cells in the abdominal cavity. It is done mostly on peritoneal Mesothelioma patients.

3. Palliative Treatment

This is one of the best treatments as it aims at giving a better life to the patients. It may take the form of radiation, HIPEC, chemotherapy, or surgery.

4. Surgery

Surgery is easily one of the best options, especially good for patients whose cancer growth are limited.

It is done for diagnosis, to remove tumours, and to reduce the pain.

5. Multimodal Treatment Measure

The multimodal treatment measure is a combination of two or more other treatment measures to increase the rate of survival.

It could either be a combination of surgery first, radiation, or chemotherapy.

6. Radiation Therapy Treatment

Radiation therapy is used at any stage of cancer. It is done to reduce the chance of recurrence (when done with chemotherapy and surgery), and kill the pain that results from growing tumours.

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7. Clinical Trials and Emerging Treatments

Clinical Trials render experimental therapies to patients, and also, they foster discoveries to cure the illness by providing recent scientific information to researchers.

Undoubtedly, excellent medical attention is provided for the Mesothelioma patients in clinical trials.

8. Immunotherapy

Used as part of experimental therapies in clinical trials to strengthen the immune system against the cancer.

Alternative Treatment of Malignant Mesothelioma Cancer

Alternative treatments include the following:

1. Holistic Healing

2. Herbal Remedies

3. Mind/Body Therapies

Stages of Mesothelioma/Asbestos Cancer

There are four stages of the Mesothelioma cancer, and they are:

Mesothelioma Cancer Stage 1: This stage is less severe. The cancer is localized, and with surgery, survival rates are higher. This stage leaves a life expectancy rate of 22.2 months.

Mesothelioma Cancer Stage 2: Life expectancy rate at this stage is 20 months, and the cancer starts spreading to other areas. At this stage, surgery might still be a good option.

Mesothelioma Cancer State 3: Life expectancy rate at this stage is 17.9 months, and the cancer spreads into the lymph nodes. Surgery might be a good option here to hasten recovery and kill tumours.

Mesothelioma Cancer Stage 4: Life expectancy rate at this stage is barely 14.6 months, and the cancer spreads to advanced areas where it develops.

Why You Need a Specialist in Mesothelioma

The cancer itself is rare, and it represents 0.3% of the cancer cases recorded.

As it is, there are oncologists and doctors who have never come across the type of cancer, and have no idea how to go about it.

The location of a Mesothelioma specialist is one of many factors that determines survival.

Specialists know the first type of treatment for each stages of the cancer, when to use chemotherapy, they set treatment goals, and have a great impact in determining survival rates.

Questions You May Be Asking

I answered several questions about filing a lawsuit, and how to go about it here.

The questions are much, but here are two hereunder:

Why Should I File an Asbestos Company?

Asbestos companies or companies that produce products containing asbestos know of the detriment to the society when they’re exposed to asbestos.

Upon knowing this, they have refused to give a resounding warning to their users and the society so as to not be on the losing side.

If you file a lawsuit, you’ll be able to gain a compensation for your loss (financially) while you are not able to work or are incapable of work.

How Do I File a Mesothelioma Lawsuit?

Whether to file a lawsuit or not should be determined by a professional Mesothelioma attorney.

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Expert Mesothelioma lawyers would guide you through the entire process and make sure you’re not running out of time while they ensure you get the highest monetary compensation.

How Long Can a Mesothelioma Patient Live?

It depends on when one is diagnosed of the cancer. It diagnosed very late, they’re are slimmer chances that they live past the next 7 months. For most patients, 12 months is the life expectancy rate.

What are the Factors that Affect Prognosis?

Firstly, the stage of the cancer mostly affects prognosis. The cancer’s cell type also does affect prognosis.

How Can a Mesothelioma Patient Improve Prognosis?

By staying healthy, eating nutritious diet, undergoing multimodal therapies and cancer treatments can have a great impact on diagnosis improvement.

Checkout all the answers to questions you’re having on the asbestos exposure and Mesothelioma cancer lawsuit on this page.

Types of Financial Assistance

Financial support maybe available to patients of asbestos exposure, and some of these supports include:

1. Veterans Affairs (V.A.) Claims

Claims of asbestos or related claims can be filed through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs by veterans in the Military.

2. Workers’ Compensation for Patients

Patients who got exposed to asbestos at workplace and as a result end up being patients of Mesothelioma cancer maybe up for financial support.

3. Medicare and Medicaid

Medicare and Madicaid refer to the assistance given by the government to patients with not enough income, or patients that are old.

Emotional/Medical Support

Medical and emotional support have been made available for the patients of this disease, and their relatives as well.

These support platforms include:

1. Mesothelioma Support Groups

Mesothelioma Support Groups are platforms that give Mesothelioma cancer survivors and the patients a place to express themselves and share their experiences.

2. Medical Support

A team of Mesothelioma specialists, patient advocate, and a dietician can help with prognosis improvement.

Every Wednesday, the online support for Mesothelioma which is operated by the Mesothelioma centre runs active.

In the group, experiences by both survivors and patients are shared.

The group is run actively by Dana Nolan (an authentic, licensed mental heath expert).

3. Grief Support

They help restore mental balance and peace. Grief support also provide skills to grieve a lost loved one or a relative.

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